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Friday, May 27, 2022

Menene Multiple Sclerosis? Alamomi, Bincike, Jiyya, da Rigakafi

Menene sclerosis mai yawa?

Multiple sclerosis (MS) cuta ce ta kwakwalwa da kashin baya. Yana haifar da nau’i-nau’i masu yawa ciki har da raunin tsoka, rashin tafiya mara kyau, da matsaloli tare da ƙarfi da haɗin kai. Dalilin MS ba a san shi ba, amma ana tunanin cutar ta jiki ne wanda tsarin garkuwar jiki ya kai hari ga kyallen takarda na tsarin jin tsoro. Ba za a iya warkar da MS ba, amma ana iya magance alamun tare da magunguna da canje-canjen salon rayuwa. Multiple sclerosis (MS) kuma cuta ce ta tsarin juyayi. Alamarsa ita ce kumburi a cikin kwakwalwa da kashin baya, yana haifar da nau’in alamun bayyanar cututtuka da abubuwan da ke damun alamun cutar. Amma a yau, akwai magunguna da sauran hanyoyin kwantar da hankali waɗanda za su iya taimakawa rage alamun MS da hana kumburin gaba.

Alamomin cutar sclerosis; Kowane mutum yana fuskantar wasu alamun cutar sclerosis (MS) a farkon matakan cutar. Amma yayin da cutar ke ci gaba, wasu mutane suna samun ƙarin alamun bayyanar cututtuka. Alamun MS na iya bambanta sosai daga mutum zuwa mutum, kuma sukan zo su wuce lokaci. Duk da haka, akwai wasu alamun farko da alamun MS waɗanda ke faruwa a kusan kowane mai cutar.
Alamomin farko na MS sun bambanta kuma suna iya haɗawa da tausasawa, tingling, raunin tsoka, da matsalolin gani. Duk da haka, wasu mutane suna fuskantar alama ɗaya kawai ko haɗuwa da alamu a farkon. Mitar, tsanani, da nau’in bayyanar cututtuka na iya canzawa akan lokaci.

Ganewar cutar sclerosis mai yawa: tsari ne mai rikitarwa wanda ke buƙatar ƙwarewar asibiti a cikin ganewar asali na MS kuma galibi takamaiman ƙwarewa ne a cikin ganewar asali na darussan asibiti daban-daban na MS. Ana amfani da jerin gwaje-gwaje don taimakawa wajen gano cutar MS kuma gwaje-gwaje daban-daban suna taimakawa wajen taƙaita ganewar asali zuwa takamaiman ko rukuni na yiwuwar cututtuka. Yana da mahimmanci a lura cewa babu wani gwaji guda ɗaya da zai iya gano cutar tare da daidaito 100%. Hakanan yana da mahimmanci a lura cewa yayin da gwaje-gwajen ba daidai bane 100%, ana iya amfani da su azaman ƙarin kayan aiki a cikin hanyoyin bincike. Sheathing mai kariya na zaruruwan jijiyoyi waɗanda ke sauƙaƙe watsa sigina tsakanin kwakwalwa da jiki. Cutar tana da alamun lokuta na bayyanar cututtuka, wanda zai iya bambanta da tsanani, sannan kuma ya sake dawowa. Dalilin MS ba a san shi ba, amma an yi imanin ya ƙunshi haɗin abubuwan muhalli da kwayoyin halitta. A mafi yawan lokuta, ana ɗaukar cutar a matsayin gado, tare da maye gurbi a cikin ɗaya ko fiye da kwayoyin halitta.

Maganin sclerosis mai yawa: Multiple sclerosis wani yanayi ne da ke haifar da lalacewa ga tsarin juyayi na tsakiya kuma yana iya shafar mutane daban-daban. Duk da yake babu magani ga mahara sclerosis, jiyya na iya sarrafa cutar da kuma taimaka wa mutane rayuwa mafi kyau rayuwa. A cikin wannan labarin, za mu tattauna nau’o’in jiyya daban-daban na sclerosis da yawa, ciki har da magani, tiyata, da sauran jiyya. Za mu kuma duba illolin wadannan magunguna da wasu binciken da ke bayansu. Manufar farko na magance sclerosis mai yawa shine don rage alamun asibiti na cutar. Babu magani ga sclerosis da yawa, amma jiyya na iya taimakawa wajen sarrafa alamun. Yawancin mutanen da ke da sclerosis da yawa zasu buƙaci magunguna na rayuwa don sarrafa alamun su. Akwai nau’ikan magunguna daban-daban waɗanda za a iya amfani da su don magance sclerosis da yawa.

Nau’o’in magungunan Sclerosis da yawa:

1. Akwai nau’ikan magunguna daban-daban waɗanda za a iya amfani da su don magance cutar sclerosis (MS), ko wata cuta da ke shafar kwakwalwa da tsarin jijiya. Nau’in maganin da ake amfani da shi ya dogara da abubuwa daban-daban, kamar ko cutar tana aiki ko a’a, ko illolin da ke faruwa. Akwai nau’o’in magunguna daban-daban da ake amfani da su don magance MS mai aiki, ciki har da magungunan da ake samuwa a matsayin magungunan baka, kamar kwayoyi, da magungunan da ake samuwa a matsayin allura. Alal misali, wasu daga cikin magungunan da aka fi sani da amfani da su don magance MS mai aiki sun haɗa da: beta-interferon, waɗanda suke samuwa a matsayin injections; glatiramer acetate, wanda yake samuwa azaman magani na baka; natalizumab.

2. Ana amfani da magungunan Sclerosis da yawa don taimakawa wajen rage alamun cutar sclerosis da rage ci gaban cutar. Akwai manyan nau’ikan magunguna guda biyu na Multiple Sclerosis: waɗanda ke rage saurin ci gaban cutar da waɗanda ke taimakawa rage alamun cutar. A wasu lokuta, ana iya yiwa mutum magani da nau’ikan magunguna biyu a lokaci guda. Wannan na iya zama mai fa’ida sosai domin yana iya rage alamun bayyanar cututtuka da rage ci gaban cutar yayin da kuma ba da damar mutum ya ci gaba da rayuwa ta al’ada.

3. Akwai nau’ikan hanyoyin kwantar da hankali waɗanda zasu iya taimakawa wajen magance sclerosis (ko MS), cutar da ke shafar tsarin juyayi na tsakiya. Waɗannan sun haɗa da kwayoyi masu gyara cututtuka, irin su interferon beta-1a, glatiramer acetate, natalizumab da fingolimod; immunomodulators, irin su interferon beta-1b, etanercept, adalimumab da natalizumab; da kuma hanyoyin magance cututtuka, irin su teriflunomide, dimethyl fumarate da injectable natalizumab. Kowane magani yana aiki daban-daban kuma yana da tasiri daban-daban, wanda shine dalilin da ya sa yana da mahimmanci a tattauna zabin ku tare da ƙwararru. Kuna iya so kuma.

Rigakafin Sclerosis da yawa:

Mutane da yawa suna tunanin cewa sclerosis da yawa cuta ce guda ɗaya tare da dalili ɗaya. A gaskiya ma, mahara sclerosis wani cuta ne mai rikitarwa na kwakwalwa, kashin baya da kuma tushen jijiya wanda ke haifar da alamun bayyanar da zai iya shafar sassa da yawa na jiki. Saboda sclerosis mai yawa yana da wuyar gaske, ba abin mamaki ba ne cewa yana da dalilai masu yawa daban-daban. Duk da haka, bincike ya nuna cewa mafi kusantar abubuwan da ke haifar da sclerosis masu yawa shine bayyanar da wasu gubobi na muhalli da / ko tsinkayen kwayoyin halitta. Akwai hanyoyi da yawa don hanawa ko jinkirta farawar sclerosis (MS). Canje-canjen abinci, samun isasshen motsa jiki, da guje wa wasu cututtuka na iya taimakawa wajen hana ko jinkirta alamun MS. Koyaya, mafi mahimmancin matakin da zaku iya ɗauka don hanawa ko jinkirta alamun MS shine kiyaye nauyin lafiya. Ƙarin nauyin da ke kewaye da gabobin ku da sauran kyallen takarda da ke cikin tsarin cutar na iya haifar da alamun bayyanar cututtuka, yayin da kiyaye nauyin lafiya zai iya taimakawa wajen rage hadarin bunkasa cutar a farkon wuri.
Duk da haka, akwai hanyoyin da za a iya hana MS, kuma mutane da yawa masu fama da MS sun gano cewa za su iya rage alamun su da kuma inganta rayuwarsu ta hanyar yin aiki, cin abinci mai kyau, da samun isasshen barci. Akwai adadin zaɓuɓɓukan salon rayuwa masu lafiya waɗanda zasu iya taimakawa hana MS, gami da: zama mai aiki; cin abinci mai kyau; samun isasshen barci; da nisantar taba, barasa, da wasu magungunan magani.

Ƙarshe:

Multiple sclerosis cuta ce da ba a iya faɗi ba, sau da yawa cuta ce ta tsarin juyayi na tsakiya wanda ke shafar sama da mutane miliyan 2 a duk duniya. Duk da shekaru da yawa da aka yi bincike da kuma kashe miliyoyin daloli, ba a sami ingantaccen magani ga cutar ba. A mafi yawan lokuta, magani kawai da marasa lafiya ke samu shine addu’a. Yawancin marasa lafiya sun gode wa masu binciken saboda kokarin da suke yi, suna masu cewa fatansu kawai shine su yi rayuwa ta yau da kullun muddin zai yiwu. Abu na farko da yakamata kuyi shine samun isasshen bacci. Wannan hanya ce mafi mahimmanci don inganta lafiyar ku gaba ɗaya, kuma yana iya taimakawa wajen rage yawan lalacewar da yanayin ke yi wa jikin ku. Abu na biyu da ya kamata ku yi shi ne cin abinci mai kyau.

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