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What Is Psoriasis- Types,Causes,Treatment| 2022

What is psoriasis?

Psoriasis is a long-lasting, systemic disease that causes red, itchy plaques and patches to appear on the skin. It is usually seen in the skin of the scalp, elbows, knees, and spine, but can appear on any part of the body. The causes of psoriasis are not fully understood, but it is likely a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Psoriasis is a chronic, immune-mediated disease that can affect the skin, joints and muscles. The main symptoms of psoriasis are red, itchy and/or bleeding skin covered with small bumps orplaques. There are several types of psoriasis, including erythroderma (redness, itching and bleeding), guttate (raised red bumps), pustular (pus-filled) and telangiectatic (red blood vessels). The symptoms of psoriasis vary considerably from person to person, and can come and go.

Types of psoriasis

1. erythroderma psoriasis: erythroderma psoriasis is a rare, chronic skin condition that causes red, scaly patches to form plaques on the skin. The plaques can appear on the scalp and the limbs, but the most commonly affected areas are the elbows, knees and lower back. The cause of erythroderma psoriasis is unknown, but it is thought to be an autoimmune disease. erythroderma psoriasis is not contagious and is not caused by an infection.

2.guttate psoriasis: The term “guttate psoriasis” refers to the small, round, plaque-like psoriasis lesions that form on the skin surface. It is the most common type of psoriasis and the most common type of psoriasis seen in the clinic. Individuals with guttate psoriasis often have thick, white scales on the elbows, knees and lower back. The patches are typically more noticeable in the summer and winter.

3.pustular psoriasis: Pustular psoriasis is a rare form of psoriasis that causes pus-filled spots to form on the skin. The lesions are usually small, yellowish or greenish bumps, but they can also be larger, pus-filled areas. Pustular psoriasis often appears on the elbows, knees, and lower back. Pustules may form and drain slowly, leaving behind small, yellowish or greenish bumps.

4.telangiectatic psoriasis: Telangiectatic psoriasis is a less common, less severe form of pustular psoriasis that appears as red, raised lesions on the skin. The lesions often appear on the elbows, knees, and lower back.

What is the main cause of psoriasis?

The exact cause of psoriasis is unknown, but it is thought to be an autoimmune disease. The immune system turns against the body’s own skin cells, causing the red, itchy plaques and painful sores of psoriasis. erythroderma psoriasis is thought to be triggered when the immune system mistakenly targets normal skin cells as if they were a virus or bacteria. erythroderma psoriasis is not contagious and is not caused by an infection. It is believed that a gene mutation triggers the immune system to attack the skin cells. Environmental factors, such as exposure to sunlight and certain foods, can also trigger attacks. Researchers have identified a number of genetic mutations that increase a person’s risk of developing psoriasis.

What is the best treatment for psoriasis?

The mainstay of treatment for psoriasis is topical medications applied to the skin several times daily. Topical medications work by reducing the symptoms of psoriasis, but they do not heal the skin or remove the underlying cause of the disease. To be effective, topical medications must be used consistently and regularly to prevent flare-ups. If you have psoriasis, you should visit your doctor for a prescription topical medication that works best for you.

Where does psoriasis usually start?

Psoriasis usually begins on the elbows, knees and lower back because these areas are usually exposed to the sun. Psoriasis can start on other areas of the body. In rare cases, psoriasis can start on the face, scalp, or neck.

What does psoriasis looks like when it start?

Psoriasis usually begins on the elbows, knees and lower back because these areas are usually exposed to the sun. Psoriasis can start on other areas of the body. In rare cases, psoriasis can start on the face, scalp, or neck. The plaques of psoriasis are red patches of thick, scaly skin. The plaques of psoriasis can range from tiny bumps that are barely noticeable to large, raised areas covered with small, yellowish or greenish bumps. The color of the plaques can change over time. Some people with psoriasis have white scales on the elbows, knees, and lower back. The skin may feel smooth and soft, but it can also feel rough and scaly. The skin may also have patches of red, raised areas that may be painful and itch. The plaques and patches of psoriasis are most noticeable in the summer and winter. Pustular psoriasis is a form of psoriasis that causes pustules to form and appear on the skin.

CONCLUSION:

The plaques of psoriasis can affect any part of the body, but the most commonly affected areas are the elbows, knees, and lower back. The cause of erythroderma psoriasis is unknown, but it is thought to be an autoimmune disease. erythroderma psoriasis is not contagious and is not caused by an infection. The mainstay of treatment for psoriasis is topical medications applied to the skin several times daily.

SourcePuretech

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